Eye health often declines as you grow older, making you more susceptible to vision problems and diseases. Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is one of those diseases. If you suspect you may have AMD, these FAQs from Plaza Optometry in Santa Ana provide important information that you should know about this condition.
What Is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration is an eye condition characterized by the breakdown of the macula of the eye. The macula is the part of your eye responsible for central vision. As the macula degenerates, you’ll experience blurred vision. If left unchecked, the disease can result in total loss of central vision.
What Causes AMD?
Macular degeneration is an age-related eye disease, generally affecting people over the age of 65. Some types of drugs have been known to cause macular degeneration and the disease can also be hereditary.
Are There Different Types of AMD?
There are two types of macular degeneration: wet AMD and dry AMD. Dry AMD is the most common. In dry AMD, small pieces of protein and fat called drusen accumulate under the retina of the eye, causing the macula to thin and deteriorate and resulting in vision loss. Wet AMD is characterized by the growth of tiny, fragile blood vessels beneath the retina, which can leak fluid and blood into the macula and distort your vision.
What are The Symptoms of AMD?
AMD causes such symptoms as wavy or fuzzy vision, loss of night vision, and the appearance of shadows over your central vision. Your Santa Ana optometrist can confirm this condition during an eye exam. Routine eye exams from a qualified eye doctor are essential to early macular degeneration diagnosis and treatment.
How Can You Prevent AMD?
Although there’s no sure way to prevent AMD, there are things you can do to reduce your risk of developing this condition. When out in the sun, use sunglasses to block UV rays as ultraviolet light can contribute to this eye condition. Eat healthy foods that support good eye health to help keep AMD at bay. If you smoke, consider quitting as smoking increases your risk of developing the disease.
How is AMD treated?
Macular degeneration treatments depend on the form of AMD you have and the progression of the disease. Treatments range from eye injections and light treatments for wet AMD to the use of AREDS vitamins to slow down the progression of dry AMD. After evaluating your situation, your Santa Ana optometrist can recommend the best treatment for you.
See Your Santa Ana Optometrist for Macular Degeneration Treatment
To schedule an appointment with your Santa Ana eye doctor, Dr. Ali A Mohebbi, in Santa Ana for macular degeneration diagnosis and treatment, call 714-557-7800 today.