Although cataracts are a fairly common age-related eye condition, many people are still unfamiliar with what causes cataracts and what they should do for treatment. The following FAQs from your Santa Ana optometrist Ali A Mohebbi, OD, explain more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of cataracts to restore your vision.
What Are Cataracts?
Cataracts occur when your eye’s natural lens becomes cloudy and impairs your vision. Cataracts are found more commonly in seniors, as it is an age-related eye condition. However, it is possible for cataracts to affect younger people as well.
How do I know if I have cataracts?
As most cataracts develop over time, you may be unaware that you have this condition until you start experiencing its symptoms. Your eye doctor, however, can detect early warning signs of cataracts during a comprehensive eye exam. Your eye doctor will monitor any cataract development during your annual eye exam to determine how they're affecting your sight. Depending on the severity of your condition, we may recommend you use prescription eye glasses to correct your vision or have the cataracts removed by cataract surgery.
What Are Cataracts Symptoms?
Cataract symptoms may vary from one person to the next. In general, symptoms include:
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty seeing at night
- Sensitivity to glare and light
- The appearance of halos around lights
- The need to change prescription eyewear frequently to correct your vision
- Dimmed vision
Are There Different Types of Cataracts?
Primarily, there are three types of cataracts: nuclear sclerotic, posterior subcapsular, and cortical cataracts. Nuclear sclerotic cataracts are the most common of the three and affect your ability to focus your eyes.
Posterior subcapsular cataracts develop in the back of the lens of your eye and affect your close-up vision, making it hard to read. They also cause problems with halos and glare.
Cortical cataracts develop on the outside edge of the lens of your eye and cause problems with contrast, depth perception, and vision clarity.
When Should I Have Cataract Surgery?
Cataract surgery is recommended when your cataracts are obstructing your vision to the extent that you can no longer continue your normal lifestyle. Once it becomes difficult to perform daily tasks, such as reading, driving, watching TV, etc., even with prescription eye glasses, consider talking to your optometrist about scheduling an appointment for cataract surgery.
Are There Side Effects to Cataract Surgery?
All surgeries have risks and cataract surgery is no exception. The risks, however, are small with minimal side effects, including temporary redness, irritation, or mild infection.
See Your Santa Ana Optometrist for Cataract Treatment
To schedule a consultation for cataract treatment, contact Ali A Mohebbi, OD, at 714-557-7800 at your earliest convenience. We look forward to meeting all your eye care needs.